What is High Tibial Osteotomy?
High tibial osteotomy is a procedure used to correct bow-leggedness by straightening the leg. This is accomplished by removing a wedge of bone from the tibia.
Who needs High Tibial Osteotomy?
This procedure is performed to correct bow-leggedness. If pain is present on one side of the knee after activity or standing for long periods of time, this procedure may prove to be beneficial.
What are the steps in High Tibial Osteotomy?
Exposure of the Tibia
The surgeon may move aside the fibula temporarily. This is done to expose the tibia so that the procedure may be performed.
Bone Wedge Removed
A small wedge of bone is removed from the tibia. In some cases, a section of the fibula may also be removed.
Attaching the Plate
The surgeon then attaches a small metal plate with surgical screws above the open gap.
Closing the Gap
The tibia is positioned to close the gap.
End of Procedure
The bottom of the metal plate is secured with surgical screws. This is done to keep the tibia in place during the healing process. The fibula is reattached, and incisions are closed.
After surgery, you can expect a hospital stay for 2 to 4 days, during which you'll be monitored and given pain medication. Crutches may be needed for several weeks after surgery, as well as the use of a cast or brace to keep the leg immobilized. Adherence to a physical therapy regimen will be necessary to ensure proper healing.